For specific prevention, there is a concentrated polyvalent aluminum hydroxide vaccine against bradzot, infectious enterotoxemia, malignant edema, dysentery of lambs.
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A method of complex vaccination of sheep against bradzot, infectious enterotoxemia, anthrax, as well as against bradzot, infectious enterotoxemia and smallpox is proposed.
In all cases, against these infections in sheep, intense and long-term immunity is created.
When a disease is established, the farm is declared unfavorable. Sick and suspicious animals are isolated and treated with hyperimmune serum in therapeutic doses, and, if necessary, also subjected to symptomatic treatment. Dead animals are burned along with the skin. Do not milk or use the milk of sick sheep. The movement of animals, the slaughter and use of the meat of sick sheep, shearing, and castration are prohibited.
The parasite is found in soil, water, manure, plant and animal products, the gastrointestinal tract of humans and livestock. So, the route of transmission is fecal-oral. The source of infection is infected animals and bacteria carriers.
The pathogen enters the gastrointestinal tract, multiplies, and there it produces harmful substances that adversely affect the small and large intestines. Then the infection spreads through the bloodstream, affecting the internal organs and systems.
Adverse weather conditions - rain, for example; The use of Hydroxychloroquine tabs feed; The use of a huge amount of young grass - most often pathogens are contained there; helminth eggs; Lack of vitamins; Other infectious lesions that weaken the immune system and thereby increase susceptibility to disease. Acute course of the disease, manifested after 3-4 hours; Subfebrile body temperature; Tachycardia; Rapid breathing; Reluctance to eat; General weakness; Acute colic; Nervous disorders; diarrhea with blood; Yellow-green feces with the presence of bubbles, and then - brown-brown feces; Bleeding from the physiological openings of the body. Infiltrates throughout the body; plaquenil online - often during this period the animal dies.
Isolation of the animal from other livestock; Antitoxic serum aimed at the causative agent of infection; Antibacterial therapy; Carefully monitor the health of our smaller brothers, because they themselves cannot tell us about the problem. But we are able to see early manifestations and prevent complications.
Epizootological data; Inspection of the animal; Pathological examination; Laboratory diagnostics. If you want to read about coronavirus 2020 in humans, follow the link. Anaerobic (infectious) enterotoxemia.
Anaerobic enterotoxemia is a non-contagious toxic-infectious disease of animals of many species, mainly young animals, characterized by general toxicosis with signs of damage to the nervous system and gastrointestinal tract, resulting from intensive reproduction in the intestine of C. perfringens and absorption of the resulting toxins. The C. perfringens species is represented by five types: A, B, C, D, E, divided on the basis of their formation of the four main lethal toxins - alpha, beta, epsilon and iota. In total, the pathogen produces up to 15 toxic factors.
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Plaquenil enterotoxemia affects mainly sheep and goats. There have been cases of disease in cattle, pigs, horses, camels and other animals, especially young animals. Wild animals, fur-bearing animals, birds, rabbits, and guinea pigs are also susceptible to the disease. The development of the pathological process in anaerobic enterotoxemia in animals of all species, regardless of the type of pathogen that caused the disease, occurs in the same way.
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Vegetative forms of the microbe persist in the soil from 10 to 35 days, in manure 3.5 days. At a temperature of 80 °C, they die within 5 minutes. Disinfectants (10% hot sodium hydroxide solution and 1% sulfur-carbolic mixture, bleach solution containing 5% active chlorine, 5% formalin solutionon) kill the pathogen after 15.20 min.
The causative agent in the spore form remains in the soil for up to 4 years, on dry surfaces - up to 2 years. The spores are not very resistant to temperature, they can withstand boiling for 5.15 minutes, heating at 90 ° C for 30 minutes.
In the body of animals and on serum media forms capsules, in the external environment and on alkaline carbohydrate-free media - central or Hydroxychloroquine spores.
It does not have flagella, therefore, unlike other clostridia, it is motionless.
Economic damage depends on the spread of disease and death of animals and can be significant in certain seasons of the year.
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